Flag Pattern: Understand Flag Chart Pattern

That is why the pennant is referred to as a symmetrical triangle. A bearish pennant pattern forms after a sharp decline in stock prices. Bearish Pennant is also almost identical or similar to a symmetrical competitive advantage examples triangle. Because the pennant often happens at the mid point of a trend, we traders use to double the price span from the bottom to the highest point of the pennant for the initial profit target.

Th e easiest way to find a flag or pennant is to begin with the flag pole. Image below illustrates.Pennants remind me of those pointed streamers that line roped-off areas at festivals. They are the same as flags except that the trend lines bounding the pattern converge. SYMMETRICAL TRIANGLE Clearest Symmetrical Triangle formation you will ever see. Symmetrical Triangle is a Bilateral Pattern, i.e. can go either way. Therefore, Technical Analysis needs to be supplemented by Fundamentals to assess more likely outcome.

When the price goes above the trend line and closes above it, it can be treated as a signal to enter the trade. But what exactly is a pennant pattern, how is it used in your trading and are there any specific risks involved while you use it? Well, https://1investing.in/ we will get answers to these queries in this detailed review here. In a rising market, it indicates that despite a strong rally, underlying security refuses to drop as bulls are not waiting for better prices and are buying every chance they get.

  • Therefore, a level of around INR 835 should be watched carefully (CMP INR 814.5).
  • The pattern comprises of at least two tops and at least two bottoms, with the second top being below the first top and the second bottom essentially at the same level as the first bottom.
  • Bearish Pennant is also almost identical or similar to a symmetrical triangle.
  • Let’s say Company ABC was hit by a financial crisis due to the mishandling of debts.
  • In these sideways movements, markets experience a strong positive sentiment that will eventually lead to an uptrend.
  • Each low is above its preceding low, suggesting that the buyers are aggressively bidding up the price.

Volume should then flatten out during the second part of the pattern, suggesting that there is an equilibrium between buyers and sellers. Finally, volume must increase during the third part of the pattern when price is declining. The rise in volume during the third part along with falling price suggests that selling interest is picking up. Finally, the breakdown must preferably be accompanied by a noticeable pickup in volume. The break, meanwhile, must preferably be accompanied by an increase in volume.


A triple bottom is a bullish reversal pattern that appears after a decline in price. While the double bottom pattern has two bottoms and one intervening high, a triple bottom pattern has three bottoms and two intervening highs. The first bottom should be the lowest trough reached during the current leg of the down move, while the second and the third bottoms should essentially be at the same level as the first bottom . Meanwhile, the rally from the low of the third bottom should be accompanied by higher volume as compared to that seen during the rally from the prior two bottoms. A double bottom is a bullish reversal pattern that appears after a decline in price.

Enter the trade when the candlestick has closed above the pennant’s upper trend line. This pattern is hard to spot as the size of the triangular pennant is relatively tiny compared to the size of the entire uptrend. Before we discuss the Bullish pennant pattern, we must have a prior understanding of the Bearish pennant pattern. In the above daily chart of VOLTAS, the rounding bottom was formed and stock rose and was multiplied from there. Indicators are pre-defined calculations which help in forecasting the future. The careful use of indicators can add a confirmation to your analysis and help in making informed trading decisions.

bullish pennant flag

Notice the three identical bottoms, and notice the two intervening lows that are ascending rather than horizontal. This is fine give that the second peak is only slightly above the first peak. Also notice how volume contracted during the first two bottoms but then expanded sharply during the advance from the third bottom.

Flag and Pennant Chart Patterns

Once the recovery begins from the low of the head, a chartist can draw an extended neckline connecting the low of the left shoulder and the low of the head. The recovery from the low of the head fails to break the previous peak before heading south again. The pattern is complete and a reversal is indicated once price breaks below the neckline connecting the low of the left shoulder and the low of the head. The neckline could be upward sloping, horizontal, or downward sloping. Based on experience, an upward sloping or horizontal neckline is preferred over a downward sloping neckline.

Again, this is fine given that the discrepancy is only minor. Always keep in mind that when looking out for price patterns, don’t always expect text-book type pattern to appear on the chart. Technical analysis is more of an art rather than science, and as such some form of leeway should be made.

Gold closes in on 6-mth high, markets look to smaller Fed rate hikes

A Head and Shoulder (H&S) top is one of the most commonly talked about price patterns in technical analysis. It is one of the most reliable and easy to spot patterns of all. A H&S top is a bearish reversal pattern that appears after a rally in price. The first peak is called the left shoulder, the second peak is called the head, and the third peak is called the right shoulder. Once this peak is made, price usually retraces part of the advance before bottoming out. Price then advances from the low of the left shoulder, makes a new high, and then heads lower and back near the low of the left shoulder.

As soon as the stock would surpass this level the breakout would materialize and the rally which was on pause for the last one month would start. Flags and Pennants are short-term continuation patterns that mark a minor consolidation before the previous trend resumes. These patterns are usually preceded by a sharp advance or decline with heavy volume, and mark a mid- point of the move. Notice in chart above how demand is coming in at lower and lower levels, while supply is coming in at a fixed level.

bullish pennant flag

Notice in the chart above the marked pickup in volume during the breakout of the neckline. Keep in mind that volume is more important in case of an inverse H&S pattern than it is in case of a bearish H&S pattern. As a rule, volume during upward breakout is more important than volume during downward breakout. This is because price could drop just because of a lack of buyers.

This pattern is formed during a steep, almost vertical, downtrend. After that sharp drop in price, some sellers close their positions while other sellers decide to join the trend, making the price consolidate for a bit. As soon as enough sellers jump in, the price breaks below the bottom of the pennant and continues to move down. This pattern exhibits a continuation of upward price movement. The price of the asset keeps on increasing, thus forming a bullish flagpole. It occurs when markets are making an extensive move on the higher side; subsequently, price movement halts and consolidates when support and resistance trend lines converge.

This may be construed as a warning that the selling is ebbing. If the subsequent rally lifts the price to decisively break the upper line, it can be construed as a trend reversal. A Bearish pennant is the exact opposite of a Bullish pennant. They are continuation patterns that mark a pause in the movement of a price halfway through a strong downtrend offering an opportunity to go short.

Flag Pattern Definition & Meaning

As per this pattern, the respective asset will exhibit a substantial movement in its price after the consolidation period is over. The duration of the Flag or Pennant pattern will ideally be 1 to 4 weeks . The volume is usually very high during the Flagpole and should be low during the consolidation. When the breakout/breakdown of the Flag or Pennant occurs on high volume, it is again a strong signal indicating that the movement in the direction of the original trend will continue. Flag and Pennant Patterns are consolidation patterns that occur after a sharp advance or decline.

What this means is often the peaks or troughs will overshoot or undershoot the trendlines before reversing. As such, always keep some leeway when drawing trendlines in case of broadening patterns. Some traders use the Relative Strength Index levels with pennant patterns to make an accurate stock market prediction about the future price movements. They watch RSI moderate in the consolidation phase and take positions when the RSI shows oversold territory and signals towards a potential rise in prices.

This pattern starts with the pole, which represents a continuing previous trend. After this comes the sideways movement in which the price of an asset is in the consolidation phase or between resistance and support trendlines. These short positions can be held until the price approaches the lower trendline or shows some signs of bottoming. Similarly, a long position can be initiated when price touches the lower line on any subsequent decline and then reverses to the upside. These long positions can be held until the price approaches the upper trendline or shows some signs of topping.